Lecture 19 - Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 19:...

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1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 19: Divorce I Prof. Elwert Review • Elderly & grandparenting • Demographic trends • Standard of living – Social Security • Care arrangements – Role of daughters • Mutual support • Grandparenting – Multigeneration & skipped-generation households
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2 Preview • Elderly continued – Widowhood effect • Divorce I • History, trends • Explanations – Macro – Micro (next time) Widowhood Effect • Loss of spouse increases mortality by about 15-20% in old age for whites • Central evidence for health benefits of marriage • Found for bereaved men and women • Loss of primary care giver (men) • Loss of income (women) • Long lasting (no apparent substitute) • No apparent widowhood effect for blacks • Likely because elderly AfAm are much more likely than whites to live with other kin (rater than alone) • Greater independence of AfAm husbands and wives • Blacks appear to benefit from marriage longer than whites
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3 (Stylized graph from Elwert and Christakis 2006) Whites : Widowhood Effect
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Lecture 19 - Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 19:...

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