Lecture 21 - 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 21:...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 21: Divorce Effects Prof. Elwert Review Divorce II Explanations Micro Age at marriage Parental divorce Fire alarm 2 Preview Micro Explanations (contd) Consequences of divorce for spouses Consequences of divorce for children Short term long term Divorce vs parental conflict Selection or causation? Estimating divorce effects A short methodological history Micro Explanations II Cohabitation Strong predictor of divorce Those who cohabit have a higher risk of divorce But likely pure selection, not causation Cohabitors are less committed to union, more independent gender roles, less religious participation, more likely to have divorced parents Cohabitors more likely to divorce regardless of cohabitation But may actually decrease divorce (Elwert) Trial marriage: bad matches weeded out in cohabitation, better matches sort into marriage. Cohabitation prevents divorces by preventing formation of potentially doomed marriages No effect for cohabitors who do marry their partner 3 Divorce as a Process Distinguish between marital conflict, separation, and legal divorce (Amato 2000) Conflict/unhappiness often prolonged period Separation physically moving apart Divorce Legal separation of assets Legal and physical arrangements for child custody De facto custody still mostly goes to mothers Coordination of parental efforts Noncustodial parent (hopefully) pays child support Co-parenting (coordinate/cooperate) vs. parallel parenting (operate separately) Consequences for Spouses Crisis period ~ 1-2 years of intense emotional upheaval, ambiguous attachment for both spouses Consequences for women Sharp decrease in average economic well-being ~30% decline in standard of living (composition adjusted) Coping strategies: residential moves,living with parents, reenter LF Stress and depression as adjust to being...
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Lecture 21 - 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 21:...

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