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Unformatted text preview: 12/7/11 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 26: Social Policy, Family Change At Home and Abroad Prof. Elwert Preview Family & Social Policy Welfare and Workfare through the ages Family Change in the United States Family Change Worldwide Second Demographic TransiRon 12/7/11 2 Welfare (1935w1996) Social Security Act (1935) Act primarily addressed at men Enshrines family age system, Forces omen out of federal employment Creates AFDC (Aid for families ith dependent children) = Welfare EnRtlement program No Rme limit on benets First idos, later all poor families / children, in the end predominantly divorced/never married omen / children First no ork requirement (supporRng family age system, breadinner/homemaker ideal), then gradually ork requirements for recipients Aid for Poor Families Today Welfare eform 1996 PWOA creates TANF to replace AFDC Block grant Must ork /in to years of receipt (signicant blo to breadinner/homemaker ideology) Caused massive reducRon in elfare roles, increase in labor force parRcipaRon of poor mothers, generally small increase in earnings 5 year lifeRme limit on assistance Limits begin to take hold recent stopwgap extensions 12/7/11...
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- Fall '11