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Unformatted text preview: 12/7/11 1 Soc 120: Marriage and the Family Lecture 26: Social Policy, Family Change At Home and Abroad Prof. Elwert Preview • Family & Social Policy • Welfare and “Workfare” through the ages • Family Change in the United States • Family Change Worldwide • Second Demographic TransiRon 12/7/11 2 Welfare (1935w1996) • Social Security Act (1935) – Act primarily addressed at men • Enshrines family ¡age system, • Forces ¡omen out of federal employment – Creates AFDC (Aid for families ¡ith dependent children) • = “Welfare” • EnRtlement program • No Rme limit on bene¢ts • First ¡ido¡s, later all poor families ¡/ children, in the end predominantly divorced/never married ¡omen ¡/ children • First no ¡ork requirement (supporRng family ¡age system, bread¡inner/homemaker ideal), then gradually ¡ork requirements for recipients Aid for Poor Families Today • Welfare £eform 1996 – P£WO£A creates TANF to replace AFDC – Block grant – Must ¡ork ¡/in t¡o years of receipt (signi¢cant blo¡ to bread¡inner/homemaker ideology) – Caused massive reducRon in ¡elfare roles, increase in labor force parRcipaRon of poor mothers, generally small increase in earnings – 5 year lifeRme limit on assistance • Limits begin to take hold – recent stopwgap extensions 12/7/11...
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- Fall '11