MIDTERM TWO OUTLINE

MIDTERM TWO OUTLINE - MIDTERM TWO OUTLINE 12/8/11 Lecture...

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MIDTERM TWO OUTLINE 12/8/11 Courting, dating, and hooking up Starting out as movies, dinners, then would move to more private today=hooking up Teen births and non marital births are now lower Marriage, Meaning, History Institutional Marriage (19 th Century) Clear rules and roles Enforced by church, law, and community Males was the authority and wife was domestic Fathers are patriarchs Companionate marriage (until 1960s) Gender division of labor, homemaker-breadwinner ideal Emphasis on affection and sexual gratification Still old-fashioned Satisfaction criteria is still high Individualization Cultural and economic sources Personal fulfillment Openness and communication Spending everyday together
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Rise of dual earner role Marriage as capstone experience Marriage no longer begins, but rather crowns adulthood Declining Organizing Role No long organizes: Sex Coresidence live together when married Childbearing Childrearing raise children when married Gender division of labor once married, husband and wife HAD to do, today becoming much more diffuse Attitudes towards Marriage Change: (50s-70s) Feminism Positive attitudes towards decline in marriage, approval of singlehood, disapproval of marital restrictions Stability (80s-90s) divorce rates fell a little Disposition towards marrying and marriage favorable and stable Change (70s-90s) Increasing acceptance of premarital sex, acceptance of childlessness, cohabitation etc, Cohabitation skyrocketed Cohabitation, History (see graphs) Man and woman live together, law would treat them as if they were married Increase since the 70s
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High education/and or low socio-economics Majority of Americans will cohabit 2/3 of Americans cohabited before marriage Deciding to cohabit Conscious decision Gradual process rather than an abrupt change Slide or drift Measuring Cohabitation Don’t identify with the term “unmarried partner” Types of Cohabitation Pure relationship Relationship for its own sake Doesn’t follow social norms Precursor to marriage Testing grounds for marriage Young, move into together Figure out if they should get married Alternative to marriage Unusual amount heterosexuals Option for gays Committed relationship
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Cohabitation, Implications Rising age of marriage 70s-’85: Married by 25 fell by 24% Rising cohabitation compensates for 2/3 of rising age of marriage Single motherhood 30% of births outside marriage 12% of births to unmarried or cohabitation 40% of single births due to cohabiting Short lived, dissolved within a year Specialization and Independence of Models of Partnership Marriage market theory Supply, preferences, resources (everyone wants different things) Specialization model Trading comparative advantages 1950s Independence model Income pooling and bargaining Dominant model today Benefits of Coresidence Companionship, sex, economies of scale, risk reduction, health Why Marry?
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course SOCIOLOGY 120 taught by Professor Elwert during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.

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MIDTERM TWO OUTLINE - MIDTERM TWO OUTLINE 12/8/11 Lecture...

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