Vocabulary and Fluency RED3309

Vocabulary and Fluency RED3309 - Vocabulary & Fluency...

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Vocabulary & Fluency
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Why is vocabulary important? Hallmark of an educated individual Strongly related to reading proficiency Strongly related to school achievement Adapted from Beck, McKeown & Kucan (2002). Bringing words to life.
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Some stats 1st graders from high SES knew 2X as many words as lower SES students HS senior top % of class knew 4X as many words as lower performing classmates High performing 3rd graders had vocab = to low performing 12th graders Studies estimate that of 100 unfamiliar words met in reading between 5-15 will be learned Adapted from Beck, McKeown & Kucan (2002). Bringing words to life.
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Which words need instructional attention?? A mature literate individual’s vocabulary has 3 tiers: 1st tier: most basic words (happy, clock, baby) 2nd tier: high frequency words for mature language users (coincidence, absurd, fortunate) 3rd tier: low frequency very limited domains (isotope) Which tier do we need to focus on with our elementary students?? Why? Adapted from Beck, McKeown & Kucan (2002). Bringing words to life.
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2nd tier words Turn and talk Do you think dictionaries are the best way for kids to learn new words? Explain your answer.
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Dictionaries do NOT have student friendly explanations of words: Disrupt : break; split up Improvise : to make or arrange with whatever is on hand Morbid: not healthy or normal Fuller more explicit language is needed than dictionary definition: the brevity of many dictionary definitions leaves too much to be assumed by young learners Adapted from Beck, McKeown & Kucan (2002). Bringing words to life.
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How do kids learn new words? Indirectly through
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Vocabulary and Fluency RED3309 - Vocabulary & Fluency...

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