Buddhism - Buddhism REL 2300 Buddhism Theravada Mahayana...

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Buddhism REL 2300 Transcript of power point lecture 31 slides total Slide 1 It will be helpful as you study Buddhism to have a foundation in Hinduism because the Buddha is a Hindu Prince born in southern Nepal in 566 b.c.e. (before the Common Era). He was a real person, a member of the Shakya tribe. His clan name was Gautama and his given name was Siddhartha. A very common name for him was Shakyamuni which means the sage of the Shakya tribe. His birth was quite fantastic and incredible. When he was born his father called the sages in to interpret the interesting wheels that were imprinted on his soles and the palms of his hands. They interpret these to mean that this young child would grow up to either turn the wheel of conquest and become a great king or turn the wheel of dharma and become a great sage. His father much preferred that he become a great king and did not want him to become a great sage. To try and prevent that second thing from happening his father tried to protect him and isolate him completely. Slide 2 Shakyamuni was raised as a prince, ended up getting married and even having a child. But he was not happy with his life. He was being drawn or pushed, he felt like, in a different direction. One day he took a trip out of the confines of his palace where he had been kept from all sights connected with suffering. [On the trip] he saw four sights: a sick person, and old person, a corpse and an ascetic. This had a profound effect on him. He left his wife and child and went out became an extreme ascetic. Asceticism and ascetic are important terms in this course; you'll see them in many religions. An ascetic is a person who is extremely disciplined in relationship to the traditional desires of the flesh whether they have to do with sex, food or clothes. They would usually eat very little, have no relationships and have just the clothes on their backs. That's an ascetic. He tried to find the answer this suffering and pain that he saw. He tried to come to terms with it by living an extremely life of fasting and self-discipline. It didn't work very well; he almost died. He finally decided that it would not lead him to the path where he wanted to go.
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He eventually adopted a discipline known as the middle path which avoided the extremes of self denial and self indulgence, in think and in living. In this way, the middle path, the self is not so important that you need to hold on to it nor is it so trivial that you can just throw it away. So the middle path is between not trying to grasp and hold on to life and not throwing it away at the same time. He was able to come to this as he became awakened as we'll see. Slide 3 One day as Shakyamuni practiced this middle path he sat down under a tree. After intense meditation he woke up to the truth and became the Buddha. Buddha means awakened one; awakened from the dream of ignorance. One way to describe it is
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course REL 2300 taught by Professor Www during the Summer '11 term at Casper College.

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Buddhism - Buddhism REL 2300 Buddhism Theravada Mahayana...

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