review 1 psyc 101

review 1 psyc 101 - EXAM #1 PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING, 2011...

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EXAM #1 – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – SPRING, 2011 – REVIEW SHEET Hi, the review sheet is provided below. The exam will have 60 multiple choice items. The exam is a mix of items from the text book and the notes. Any exercises or film clips shown in class are also fair game for the exam. If I sent a brief article (e.g. the one on the Harvard research) and asked everyone to read it, then that is fair game as well. Jazmin, Adrianne, and Chris will have extra office hours and review sessions next week (they will email you the times). Please bring a picture ID to class, a number two pencil, and a scantron. PLEASE COME TO CLASS ON TIME! We will admit students in to the exam until one student has left. Then, we will NOT admit anyone into the exam. Chapter one – The Evolution of Psychology 1. Know the different schools of psychology (i.e., structuralists; functionalists, and positive) including the people associated with them. Structuralists: based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related *introspection : the careful, systematic self-observation of one’s own conscious experience ( Edward Titchener) Functionalists: based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure *natural selection; function of consciousness ( William James) Positive: focus on positive character traits/ what is right with people; study of positive emotions; remedy weaknesses and build strengths ( Psychoanalysis: The unconscious is key; *psychoanalytic theory: attempts to explain personality, motivation and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior ( Freud) 2. Know the different approaches to psychology (e.g., behaviorism; psychodynamic; humanistic) including the people associated with them. Behaviorism: a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific study should study only observable behavior *abandon study of consciousness altogether; *behavior: any overt/observable response or activity by any organism ( John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner-free will is an illusion) Psychodynamic: Freudian theory; focus on unconscious conflicts between primitive desires and constraints; unconsciousness and psychoanalysis ( Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler) Humanism: theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth ( Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow) Cognitive: cognitive development, language acquisition, problem solving, role of thoughts and feelings on behavior ( Jean Piaget, Noam Chomsky, Herbert Simon) 3. Know the different areas of psychology (e.g., developmental psychology, clinical psychology, biological psychology, etc). *Developmental psychology:
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review 1 psyc 101 - EXAM #1 PSYCHOLOGY 101 SPRING, 2011...

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