Review-final-psy101-spring-2011

Review-final-psy101-spring-2011 - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101...

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FINAL – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – SPRING, 2011 – REVIEW SHEET Chapter 13 – Psychological Disorders (30 items) 1. Know the different approaches for understanding abnormal behavior (e.g., medical model). Medical Model: Proposes that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease Criteria of Abnormal Behavior: Deviance: Behavior deviates from what society consider acceptable Maladaptive Behavior: Everyday adaptive behavior is impaired/affected Personal Distress: Individual reports personal trouble/distress/suffering Behavioral Model: Maladaptive learning contributes to mental illness Socio-Cultural: Culture General: Certain disorders seem to appear in all cultures Culture Specific: Some disorders are unique to certain cultures Cognitive-Behavioral: Mental illness is a result of inaccurate or maladaptive interpretations of the world Basic Cognitive Principle: People are upset by the meaning of events, not by the events or situations themselves Diathesis-Stress: Everyone is born with a biological vulnerability and stress can make the vulnerability emerge 2. Know these terms: etiology, prognosis, ego syntonic, and ego dystonic. Etiology: the apparent causation and developmental history of an illness Prognosis: a forecast about the probable course of an illness Ego syntonic: Symptoms are a part of who the person is (personality disorder) Ego dystonic: Symptoms appear to be unattached/foreign to a person (depression) 3. Know what the DSM-IV is, what it is used for, and what information is coded on all five Axes Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- IV Edition: Asks for judgments about individuals on five separate dimensions, called axes, in order to form a diagnosis *Describes symptoms, not causes Axis I: Clinical disorders Axis II: Long-running personality disorders or mental retardation Axis III: Medical conditions relevant to psychiatric functioning Axis IV: Environmental stressors Axis V: Global assessment of functioning 4. A) Mood disorders (which include major depression and bipolar disorder); B) Anxiety disorders; C) Somatoform disorders; D) Eating disorders; E) Dissociative disorders; and F) Psychotic disorders (particularly schizophrenia). Mood disorders: (15% of people) Major Depression and Dysthymia: (7-18% of people) o Persistent feelings of sadness/despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure o 5 or more symptoms: Depressed mood Loss of interest Decrease/Change in appetite Change in sleeping patterns Change in psychomotor activity Fatigue Feelings of worthlessness
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Decreased concentration Suicidal Bipolar Disorder (1-2.5% of people) o Previously called Manic-Depressive Disorder (a person experiences both depressed and manic periods) o Can be caused/triggered by lack of sleep o Psychosis can occur o Manic disorder (Bipolar Disorder without period of depression) is also possible o Presence of symptoms for a week or more: Elevated mood Irritability
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2012 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Loeb during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Review-final-psy101-spring-2011 - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101...

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