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ints final review

ints final review - INTS Final Study Guide 1 Thomas...

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INTS Final Study Guide 1) Thomas Friedman a. Golden Straitjacket- once a country recognizes and accepts that the only possible route to economic success in this world is free market capitalism, it puts on the Golden Straitjacket individual countries must sacrifice some degree of economic sovereignty to global institutions (such as markets, TNCs) a.i. Started by Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan to create economic incentive, growth a.ii. Enlarging the private sector, minimizing government intervention, low inflation and taxes, no tariffs or trade restrictions, general deregulation a.iii. The problem is that the one-size-fits-all Straitjacket squeezes some/doesn’t fit others; it does allow average income and economic growth to increase but greatly minimizes political choice and freedoms a.iv. Also gave rise to the Electronic Herd- the growing number of faceless traders and MNC’s who are quickly replacing governments as the major sources of capital and determinants of the economy b. Lexus and the Olive Tree- b.i. Lexus- globalization, development, drive for modernity, technological improvement b.ii. Olive tree- traditional customs, individual culture, national identity b.iii. They must be in harmony for a society to thrive; ex. Native village in Brazil which uses transnational NGO money to support it’s crucial ecosystems and has a Bath and Body Shop in the rural village 2) Ideology a. Definition- a set of ideas that can be thought of as a comprehensive vision, a worldview , a common sense, or be proposed by the dominant class of a society to all members of this society; systems of abstract thought applied to public matters b. The End of Ideology- debate more than 40 years ago in Western countries started by a book by sociologist Daniel Bell, said that ideological politics had ended because of the end of both Marxist socialism and classic liberalism people gave up on the idea of achieving utopia with either ideology (not true as seen in Cold War 70s and 80s) c. Steger: First level of an ideology is distortion (production of contorted images of reality), then legitimation (claim by ruling authority to an ideology and belief of subjects in that claim), then integration (gives society stability by creating, preserving, and protecting social roles) d. Rhetoric and hegemony 3) Globalism- referred to by Steger as the “dominant political ideology of our time”, a neoliberal market ideology endowing globalization with certain values, and meanings; different from the material process of globalization a. Market globalism- ideology supporting a consumerist, free market liberalist world; considers globalization universally beneficial and inevitable
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b. Justice globalism- political ideas associated with the social alliances and political actors in the social justice movement; desires a new world order based on redistribution of wealth and power c. Jihadist globalism- response to Western modernization and the supposed materialistic assault by a secular, liberal world 4)
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