LING 110_20121_Lecture3

LING 110_20121_Lecture3 - Words & Structure Morphology...

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Morphology 1
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Words are the minimal meaningful linguistic  Words are the minimal meaningful linguistic  units. units. House vs. Deindustrialization Industry Industri-al Industrial-ize De-industrialize Deindustrializ-ation De-industri-al-iz-ation
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Words  Words  can can  be formed by combining smaller   be formed by combining smaller  meaningful units. meaningful units. House vs. Deindustrialization Industry Industri-al Industri-al-ize De-industri-al-ize De-industri-al-iz-ation
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Words can be formed by combining smaller  Words can be formed by combining smaller  meaningful units. meaningful units. Even  if  sometimes  their  interpretation  is  Even  if  sometimes  their  interpretation  is  not  not  exactly exactly  the  sum  of  the  meanings  of  the   the  sum  of  the  meanings  of  the  parts: parts: Wait-er, green-house, constitut-ion, Wait-er, green-house, constitut-ion, institution-al-ize institution-al-ize
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The smallest meaningful units of The smallest meaningful units of Language are called  Language are called  Morphemes Morphemes De-industri-al-iz-ation De-industri-al-iz-ation 5 morphemes:  5 morphemes:  free free  morpheme: “industry” (a word itself)  morpheme: “industry” (a word itself) bound bound  morphemes   morphemes 
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Words that consist of one single morpheme:  Words that consist of one single morpheme:  simple words simple words
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LING 110_20121_Lecture3 - Words & Structure Morphology...

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