LING 110_20121_Lecture4(1) (1)

LING 110_20121_Lecture4(1) (1) - Words & Structure...

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Morphology 2
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Allomorphs  Different SOUNDS for THE SAME MEANING= same Morpheme (with 2 or more allomorphs) (1)  A  cat an  egg  (2)  More  intelligent tall er  Allomorphic variation is about  sound  not about  spelling!!! Same spelling, different sounds, one meaning 3.  Cat s curch es call s => 3 allomorphs 4.  Impress impress ion. 5.  Industry industri al 6. Electric electric -ity 7.  Im possible, in decent, in coherent, ir rational, il legal  …but no allomorphic variation here 8. Ride rid -ing
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Sometimes a single word has more than  one admissible structure.   These words can have more than one  meaning!
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lock  A able un un lock  able V Cannot be locked Can be unlocked Unlockable
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Compounds: Fireman, Firefly Greenhouse, Doll house, Kitchen towel, Kitchen towel rack Steam boat Linguistics Department Chair Make up, make up remover
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word structure is always BINARY:    P                remover       *   make         up       make  up   remover
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The structure of Compounds:   P                remover          make make    up                     up    remover
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towel(N) rack(N) N kitchen(N) N kitchen(N) towel(N) N Rack(N) N STRUCTURE & MEANING
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Spelling and compounds… Fireman wetsuit red hot         jumpsuit Ice-cream greenhouse   … blackboard kitchen towel fresh water steam boat guest house toilet paper Spoonfeed   dry clean underestimate      blow dry Nation wide…. Ice-cream truck   How can we tell compounds from simple sequences of words?
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 He waited under the rain for more than  one hour. When he entered the café in  his  wet suit  and dripping hat she hardly recognized him.   The diver was already wearing his  wet suit,  mask, snorkels, and fins…      1. Context:
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bl à ckberry vs. black b è rry bl à ckbird vs. black b ì rd gr è enhouse vs. green h ò use str ò ng man vs. strong m à n 2. Stress:
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He waited under the rain for more than one  hour. When he entered the café in his  wet  it  and dripping hat she hardly recognized him.   The diver was already wearing his  t suit,  mask, snorkels, and fins…     Context & Stress
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a. He got me a black b èr ry and a blue one b.*He got me a bl à ckberry and a blue one c. Black and blue b è rries d. * Black and blùeberries e.Bl a ck b è rries and b ìr ds f. Bl á ckberries and b i rds 3.”Opacity”:
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He waited under the rain for more than one hour. 
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LING 110_20121_Lecture4(1) (1) - Words & Structure...

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