Sept7Genetic Contl

Sept7Genetic Contl - Genome and Proteome Genome refers to...

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Genome and Proteome Genome refers to all genes in an individual or in a species Proteome refers to all proteins produced by a genome 3-30
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Genome is plastic Genes may be available for expression in some cells but not in the others (or at some time in the development but not others) Genes may be amplified or made more available than usual under some conditions Genome organisation at the DNA level The number of found genes in human genome is much less than the number of expressed proteins Genes/proteins
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Gene Expression Genes are lengths of DNA that code for synthesis of RNA mRNA carries info for how to make a protein Is transported out of nucleus to ribosomes where proteins are made 3-27 Takes place in 2 stages: Transcription occurs when DNA sequence in a gene is turned into a mRNA sequence Translation occurs when mRNA sequence is used to make a protein
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of DNA packing in eukaryotic chromatin. Histones have high proportion of positively charged amino acids (lysine and arginine), and they bind tightly to the negatively charged DNA. Nucleosomes
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course HEALTH 350 taught by Professor Cooper during the Spring '12 term at MO St. Louis.

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Sept7Genetic Contl - Genome and Proteome Genome refers to...

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