Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders

Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders - Chapter 14...

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Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders “We do not have to visit a madhouse to find disordered minds; our planet is the mental institution of the universe.” – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
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What is a psychological disorder? Psychological disorder : an ongoing pattern of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, and/or dysfunctional
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Psychological disorder defined An ongoing pattern of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, and/or dysfunctional
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Psychological disorder defined An ongoing pattern of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, and/or dysfunctional Remember the 3 D’s!
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Abnormal behavior Abnormal: different (deviates ) from the norm Unusual Statistically atypical Cultural variation Not all abnormal behavior is negative
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Abnormal behavior Abnormal behavior may be psychologically disordered if it causes significant distress Personal suffering Different from “normal distress” Some forms of distress are expected in the wake of a traumatic event e.g., grief over the death of a loved
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Abnormal behavior Dysfunction : interference that impairs one’s ability to get along in life e.g., intense fear of heights (acrophobia) May not be dysfunctional to a person in a rural setting, but is likely dysfunctional to a city- dweller
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Classifying psychological disorders Syndromes DSM (1 st edition: 1952) Current edition: DSM-IV-TR Groups disorders by category Checklist of observable symptoms for diagnoses Pattern of symptoms that are thought to indicate the presence of a disorder
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Levels of analysis Psychologists study behavior
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2012 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Kyleconlan during the Fall '11 term at Florida State College.

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Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders - Chapter 14...

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