Chapter 11 Motivation and Work

Chapter 11 Motivation and Work - Chapter Eleven Motivation...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter Eleven Motivation and Work I love deadlines. I like the whooshing sound they make as they fly by. Douglas Adams A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior Motivation Why do people eat? Why did Bernie Madoff steal billions of dollars? e.g., hunger, sex, belonging, safety, comfort, entertainment, power Motivation Perspectives on motivation Behavior has a biological basis Instinct: complex, unlearned behavior Most relevant to other species e.g., nest building, migration, mating displays, etc. Instinct theory Human behavior is more flexible Usually results from a combination of evolved motives and learned responses Biology still has an influence e.g., mate selection strategies Instinct theory A physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive ) that motivates organisms to satisfy a need Goal: maintain homeostasis (balance) e.g., staying hydrated, getting nutrients Drive-reduction theory Incentives: positive or negative...
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Chapter 11 Motivation and Work - Chapter Eleven Motivation...

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