Natalie Yu 3. How do the Hopi examples help illustrate the relationship between language and thought in the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis? The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that a people’s worldview is reflected from the lexicon and grammar of their language. Sapir and Whorf believed that through grammar, the way of how a people classify and understand the world can be seen, and that words frame people’s perception. Whorf introduced a double principle of linguistic determinism and linguistic relativity. Linguistic determinism is the idea of the way one thinks is determined by the language one speaks; in other words, language we speak controls our thoughts; and linguistic relativity indicates the differences among languages must be reflected in the differences in the worldviews of their speakers, which is our thoughts alter our language. The principle was first introduced with the example of Hopi, which is a language spoken by Native Americans in the pueblos of northeastern Arizona. Whorf stated that Hopi has specialized
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