Semantics A1 - Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) Ling2006...

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Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) Ling2006 Semantics I February 24, 2011 Assignment 1 1. i. a. The pair does not express the same proposition. “John fixed the door yesterday” means John himself fixed the door, while “John had the door fixed yesterday” can have the same proposition as sentence one, but also for John hiring somebody else to do the job. There is lexical ambiguity in this second sentence. Proposition is asserted in both sentences. b. The pair does not express the same proposition. The second sentence expresses one proposition, while the first sentence has more than one reading. The first sentence can express both “It must be boring to visit scholars” aka the second sentence, and that the scholars who are visiting must be some boring people. Proposition is asserted in both sentences. c. The pair might or might not express the same proposition. If John and the landlord are the same referent, then the two sentences can have the same proposition. However, whether John and the landlord are identical person is unknown. In this case the two sentences might not have the same proposition. Proposition is asserted in both sentences. d. The pair does not express the same proposition.
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the second sentence should be “Ann is Susan’s granddaughter”. Therefore, the two sentences state a different meaning and proposition. Proposition is asserted in both sentences. e. The pair expresses the same proposition. “He was looking for an apartment just now” has an asserted true proposition. “Was he looking for an apartment just now?” is an interrogative sentence without asserting its truth. Other than truth value, the two sentences have the same proposition. Proposition is asserted in the first sentence, as for interrogative sentence aka second one, a proposition is mentioned without asserting its truth. f. The pair does not express the same proposition. “If Mary left, John would be very happy” has the proposition of assuming the situation of Mary leaving and making John very happy by that. While “Mary left” declaratively expresses a proposition of Mary already left. Proposition is asserted in both sentences. g. The pair does not express the same proposition. Because “The queen is the wife of a king” expresses an analytic proposition, while “The queen is an only daughter” expresses an synthetic proposition. Proposition is asserted in both sentences. h. The pair expresses the same proposition.
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course LING 300 taught by Professor Anthropology during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin Milwaukee.

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Semantics A1 - Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) Ling2006...

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