Syntax WA 1 - former roommate at UCLA that John made a...

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Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) January 31, 2011 Ling 2005 Syntax Written Assignment 1 1 (a) Compounded structure My father is an engineer and my mother is a businesswoman. (b) Embedding I curse whoever stole my cookies.
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(c) Adjunction Jonathan took the pills that the doctor prescribed. 2. (i) John made a birthday card last Sunday for his former roommate at UCLA.
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c. * It was for his former roommate at UCLA last Sunday that John made a birthday card. The starred examples a and b correctly cleaved “a birthday card” and “last Sunday”. Example c showed an incorrect cleaving structure. “For his former roommate at UCLA” should be considered as one independent constituent, not including “last Sunday”. “Last Sunday” is a complement to “made”. To cleave out the designated constituent, it should be “It was for his
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Unformatted text preview: former roommate at UCLA that John made a birthday card last Sunday. 2 (ii) Bill talked to the girl at the front desk. b* It is the girl that John likes at the front desk. c* It is at the front desk that John likes the girl. At the front desk is a complement to the girl and hence they form one constituent. Example b tries to cleave only the girl, leaving at the front desk at the back, creating a mistake. Example c is wrong because the state of the verb like cannot be modified hence cannot take a complement, just like know and recognize mentioned in our lecture. And also for the same reason as in example a, with the girl at the front desk as one constituent, it is not correct to cleave part of it out....
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course LING 300 taught by Professor Anthropology during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin Milwaukee.

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Syntax WA 1 - former roommate at UCLA that John made a...

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