LING1003 Assignment 2 - LING1003 Assignment 2 Natalie Yu...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LING1003 Assignment 2 Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) November 7, 2011. A 1. The “Present Perfect Puzzle” is characterized by “past-adverb constraint”, that the present perfect cannot be modified by adverbials referring to the past, which appears to be quite contradictive to the meaning of the tense itself – present perfect conveys a sense of relevance between the time of event and the time of utterance (which the author contracts as TU), yet it is ungrammatical for a present perfect tensed sentence to take adverbials of time as its adjunct. Also it carries a “when constraint” in which it is normally impossible to ask for the time of the event with the usual wh-word, with the exception of especially (but not only) implication that he has never been there. 2. “Current relevance” describes “the event, process or state, although as such situated in the past, has some ongoing relevance that prolongs it somehow into the present” (Klein 1992:531), the present perfect event which occurred in the past has a lasting or ongoing effect and relevance with the present moment, including the time of utterance and may goes beyond it. “Extended now” describes “the view that the perfect serves to locate an event within a period of time that began in the past and extends to the present moment” (Dowty 1979:341). It describes that the present perfect event which started in the past until the time of utterance does not specified if the event overlaps with the time of utterance or not. Example for “current relevance”: (i) A: Why are you limping? B: I have fallen off the roof . (ii) A: Why were you limping? B: I fell off the roof.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern