LING1003 Assignment 2

LING1003 Assignment 2 - LING1003 Assignment 2 Natalie Yu...

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LING1003 Assignment 2 Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) November 7, 2011. A 1. The “Present Perfect Puzzle” is characterized by “past-adverb constraint”, that the present perfect cannot be modified by adverbials referring to the past, which appears to be quite contradictive to the meaning of the tense itself – present perfect conveys a sense of relevance between the time of event and the time of utterance (which the author contracts as TU), yet it is ungrammatical for a present perfect tensed sentence to take adverbials of time as its adjunct. Also it carries a “when constraint” in which it is normally impossible to ask for the time of the event with the usual wh-word, with the exception of especially (but not only) implication that he has never been there. 2. “Current relevance” describes “the event, process or state, although as such situated in the past, has some ongoing relevance that prolongs it somehow into the present” (Klein 1992:531), the present perfect event which occurred in the past has a lasting or ongoing effect and relevance with the present moment, including the time of utterance and may goes beyond it. “Extended now” describes “the view that the perfect serves to locate an event within a period of time that began in the past and extends to the present moment” (Dowty 1979:341). It describes that the present perfect event which started in the past until the time of utterance does not specified if the event overlaps with the time of utterance or not. Example for “current relevance”: (i) A: Why are you limping? B: I have fallen off the roof . (ii) A: Why were you limping? B: I fell off the roof. The “current relevance” analysis is applied to sentence (i), as it’s the current situation that the
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course LING 300 taught by Professor Anthropology during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin Milwaukee.

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LING1003 Assignment 2 - LING1003 Assignment 2 Natalie Yu...

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