FLA Active prep #5

FLA Active prep #5 - Natalie Yu Tsz Sum(1155000186 LING3201...

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Natalie Yu Tsz Sum (1155000186) LING3201 First Language Acquisition Tutorial questions #5 active preparation *[Textbook] Lust, Barbara. 2006. Ch. 10 “The acquisition of semantics” (pp. 219-241). 1. What is meant by ‘the intension of a word’ and ‘the extension of a word'? Explain ‘indeterminacy of word meaning’ and ‘inscrutability of reference’. The intension of a word is a mental representation which allows determination of the meaning and reference of words. Through this mental representation, children must become able to pick out a potentially infinite set of exemplars: any possible member of the word, say, “dog”. “Indeterminacy of word meaning” states that most (if not all) words do not allow a simple or direct definition. The mental representation for word meaning is not always clear for a child to define. “Inscrutability of reference” states that for any possibly new word there will be an indefinite number of possible hypothesis. 2. What is the strong form of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis? What is the weak form of this hypothesis? How do these hypotheses relate to concepts such as ‘linguistic determinism’ and ‘linguistic relativity’? The strong form of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis is linguistic determinism, meaning language structure determines cognitive structure. The weaker form of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis states that language structure may influence expressibility even if it does not determine fundamental forms of perception or cognition, which is more like linguistic relativity. 3. What is meant by ‘overextension’ (OE) and ‘underextension’ in children’s word acquisition? Do you think OE phenomenon can be taken as evidence for children’s inability to detect differences among various objects? If not, why not? Overextension means the use of words whose extension ranges beyond that of the adult, such as calling a set of fruit and vegetables “apple”. Underextension is the opposite, using general words and applying it too specifically, such as using “roof” only
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course LING 300 taught by Professor Anthropology during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin Milwaukee.

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FLA Active prep #5 - Natalie Yu Tsz Sum(1155000186 LING3201...

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