Religion Mid Term

Religion Mid Term - Sara Nicgorski Prof. Kane 02/21/08 Take...

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Sara Nicgorski Prof. Kane 02/21/08 Take Home Midterm Short Identification 1. Council of Trent: The Council of Trent was a series of three meetings as a consequence of the Protestant Reformation. It took place in Trento between the years of 1545 and 1563. The span of twenty years was due to disputes between popes and emperors. Its purpose was to qualm protestant complaints by redefining Catholic doctrines. Through the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church standardized mass, commissioned the first catechism, and revised the Breviary and Missal. 2. Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz: Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz was a self taught scholar, nun, poet and a baroque writer. She was born in a small village near present day Mexico. By the age of ten she was able to read Latin and became increasingly interested in literature that she began to write her own. Sor Juana was known for having outspoken literature that expressed her views on how women should be respected and criticizes the sexism that occurred during her time. Her two major
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themes, love and jealousy, could have easily have gotten her in trouble with the church for writing in such a way that was against society norms. When a group of high ranking officials formed due her waywardness, she ceased all writing in order to save her skin. She died shortly after by the plague. 3.”Sublimis Deus”: Sublimis Deus is a charter that was issued by Pope Paul III May 29 th , 1537. It prohibited the enslavement of all indigenous people in the Americas. The pope declared them to be rational being with souls who deserved basic human rights in his bull. Although this principle was disregarded by the conquistadors and other colonists, it was respected by the King of Spain, Charles V, and the Holy Roman Emperor. It counteracted earlier bulls from 1452 and 1455 which claimed that Christians could take pagans as slaves who justified slavery and the slave trade. Essays #4 1723 sparked a debate that protested whether natives were truly worthy enough to enter religious congregations (Greer 236). Specifically, the newly opened
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convent, Corpus Christi already sought prospects to become nuns. They found themselves in a predicament with twelve natives they had already chosen. Nuns were looked at to uphold the vows that they took with the utmost respect. The vow of chastity held the greatest weight and was considered to define a nun. Although natives were able to keep their vows of obedience and poverty, Christians felt that they were unable to stay true to their vows of chastity let alone their marriage vows. In order to disprove these allegations the sacred biography which had been
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Religion Mid Term - Sara Nicgorski Prof. Kane 02/21/08 Take...

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