Mythology test 1 - Theogony I. Hesiod A. C750 BC...

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Theogony 17:05 I. Hesiod A. C750 BC (Contemporary of Homer) B. Earliest extant greek literature C. Poetry D. Theogony D.1. = birth of the Gods D.2. Hesiod’s goal: to impose order on a chaotic mass of inherited oral  material regarding the pantheon (=all of the gods) D.3. Genealogies (see charts in CP)—lists as tools of organization D.4. Emergence of Zeus—succession of power (main theme) D.5. Anthropomorphism (human + shape); taken for granted D.6. Origin of man?  Hesiod never tells about this in poem II. Rebirth of literacy in Greece c750 BC: Borrowing of the Phoenician alphabet A. Chief motive probably to record the poems of Homer B. New alphabet used mainly for poetry, not record keeping (as with earlier linear  B script) C. Graffiti: quotations from poetry III. The Nine Muses: Daughters of Zeus and Memory (have passive recognition of it,  don’t need to generate from scratch Name Field of  inspiration (later) Iconography Clio History Scroll Euterpe Music Flute Thalia Comedy Comic mask Melpomene Tragedy Tragic mask,  buskins Terpsichiore Dancing Lyre
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Erato Lyric Poetry Lyre Polyhymnia Hymns (or Mime) Veil Urania Astronomy Globe Calliope Epic poetry Tablet and stylus A. These names apparently invented by Hesiod B. Memory (Greek- “Mnemosyne”)   mnemonic, amnesia C. Muse   muse, museum, music D. Calliope   calliope IV. Spelling A. Greek = Kpovoç B. Latin = Cronus C. English = Cronus (traditional) or Kronos (restored) V. Major Classical Gods and Goddesses (in course pack) VI. 3 Graces: Love, Beauty, Festivity VII. Mt. Olympus  A. to the north is Mt. Pieria, birthplace of the 9 Muses (= “Perides”) VIII. Apollo, leader of the Muses A. Often pictured with lyre (cithera) and bay-laurel wreath IX. Creation of the Cosmos out of Chaos A. Cosmos = “order/beauty” A.1. Cosmetics A.2. Cosmopolitan B. Chaos = empty void, chasm B.1. Gas
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C. Gaia = Mother earth (“broad-breasted”) C.1. Gaia = Ge C.1.i. Geography C.1.ii. Geology C.1.iii. Geometry C.1.iv. George, Georgia C.1.v. Geo- D. Eros (=Cupid)   “erotic” E. Aether (bright air)   aether, ether, ethereal F. Erebus (darkness) G. Heaven (Uranus, Ouranos) G.1. Uranology G.2. 7 th  planet Uranus (1781) G.3. uranium (1789) H. Sea (Pontos) I. Three-story Cosmos I.1. Top story (heaven) I.2. Middle Story (earth) I.3. Bottom Story (Underworld) J. Earth and Heaven mate (incest)   Titans, Cyclopses, Hundred Handers.  Note frequency of multiples of three in mythology J.1. Titans   titan, titanic, titanium (1791), titanosaurus, Titanic (1912)
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J.1.i. Oceanus J.1.ii. Coeus J.1.iii. Crius J.1.iv. Hyperion J.1.v. Iapetus J.1.vi. Thea J.1.vii. Rhea J.1.viii.Themis J.1.ix. Mnemosyne J.1.x. Phoebe J.1.xi. Tethys J.1.xii. Cronus
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course CLAS 1020 taught by Professor Albright during the Summer '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Mythology test 1 - Theogony I. Hesiod A. C750 BC...

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