Mythology test 2 - Heroes and Heroic Journeys 17:56 I. Hero...

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Unformatted text preview: Heroes and Heroic Journeys 17:56 I. Hero = demigod A. Perseus B. Hercules C. Theseus D. Jason II. Heroic motifs A. Extraordinary birth and childhood B. Ambition: quest or journey B.1. Separation from ordinary reality into a region of supernatural forces B.2. Katabasis: going down to underworld C. Contests, dangers: victory against might foes D. Divine help E. Taboos F. Growth in wisdom (spiritual journey) G. Tragic end H. Reward (often apotheosis) III. Apollodorus A. Bibliotheca (= Library): a kind of mythological encyclopedia B. 1 st century AD? (late: most myths evolved 1000 years earlier) C. 3 books extant (4 th book now lost, except for epitome) D. Summary of myths from creation to Trojan war (sub-literary) IV. The Underworld A. Katabasis = going down A.1. Perseus Medusa A.2. Hercules Cerberus A.3. Theseus Persephone A.4. Odysseus Tiresias A.5. Aeneas Anchises A.6. Orpheus Eurydices A.7. Etc. B. Three storey world Underworld = B.1. Tartarus B.2. Erebus (darkness) B.3. Realm of Hades B.4. Inferno (below) = place of fire or intense heat C. Cthonic geography C.1. Erebus forecourt C.2. River Acheron boundary C.3. Asphodel Meadows indifferent C.4. Tartarus bad C.5. Elysium good C.5.a. AKA Elysian Fields C.5.b. place of blissful happiness C.6. Five Rivers: C.6.a. Styx ( stygian ) C.6.b. Acheron (boundary) C.6.c. Cocytus (lament) C.6.d. Phlegethon (fire) C.6.e. Lethe (oblivion) D. Hades D.1. (= Aidoneus, unseen ) D.2. Abducted his niece Persephone (Kore, Proserpina), daughter of Demeter D.3. Demeter insists that Zeus get Hades to release Persephone D.4. Persephone must return to Hades for several months out of the year, because she ate pomegranate seeds D.5. Constellation: Virgo E. Hermes = Psychopompus (Leader of souls) F. 3 judges F.1. Minos, king of Crete F.2. Rhadamanthus, his brother. F.2.a. Famous as a law giver F.2.b. Tutor of Hercules F.2.c. Rhadamanthine (strict, but fair) F.3. Aecus, son of Zeus G. Cerberus, G.1. 3-headed watchdog G.2. Covered with snakes, chthonic symbols of death H. Hecate, Goddess of witchcraft, sorcery I. Charon, Ferryman across river Acheron. He demands payment. J. Thanatos (Death) and Hypnos (Sleep) J.1. Euthanasia J.2. Hypnotism J.3. Somnambulist; insomnia < Somnus J.4. Morphine < Morpheus, god of Dreams (son of Hypnos) J.5. Thanatos = prototype for the Grim Reaper J.6. Roman God Orcus (= Hades?) K. Furies K.1. = Erinyes ( angry ) K.2. 3 chthonic agents of punishment who carry K.2.a. snakes K.2.b. whips K.2.c. torches K.2.d. chains K.3. Alecto K.4. Megaera K.5. Tisiphone L. 5 notorious sinners, punished in Tartarus L.1. Sisyphus rolls a stone...
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course CLAS 1020 taught by Professor Albright during the Summer '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Mythology test 2 - Heroes and Heroic Journeys 17:56 I. Hero...

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