soc183week3_Patterns of US Ethno Racial Division

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SOCIOLOGY 183 Race and Ethnic Relations Session 3: The U.S. Pattern of Ethno-Racial Divisions Dr. Seth D. Hannah
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Competing Major Sociological Models Ethnicity, Cultural Difference, and Assimilation Race, Racial Domination, and Anti- Amalgamationism (see Hollinger recommended reading)
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Assimilation Theory and the Chicago School R. E. Park Race Relations Cycle – Contact, Competition, Conflict, Accommodation, Assimilation – Invariant – Means immigrants, as per the Borg “Will be assimilated” (i.e., there is nothing to fear from immigrants)
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Alba on “Assimilation’s Quiet Tide” “Assimilation has become America’s dirty little secret” (1995, p. 3) “Assimilation was, and is, a reality for the majority of the descendants of earlier waves of immigration from Europe” (1995, p. 3)
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What does Assimilation Involve? Increasing socioeconomic parity (economic assimilation) equalizing educational attainment, pay/earnings, types of work and fields of employment) Taking on English (linguistic assimilation) Monolingual English speaking by third generation Residential mobility (spatial assimilation) Decline of the urban ethnic neighborhood Heterogeneity of the suburb Social mixing (intermarriage or familial assimilation)
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The End Result? “…taken together these trends convincingly show that the social bases for ethnic distinctiveness are eroding among Americans of European ancestry” (Alba, “Assimilation’s Quiet Tide” 1995, p. 17).
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The Controversy Normative/ethnocentric bias: presume Anglo-conformity—fitting into white, Anglo-Saxon dominant culture vs. true “melting pot” or cultural fusion Applicability to groups seen as racially distinct unclear at best (Moon-Kie Jung’s critique and the racial imagination behind assimilation theory)
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Ethno-racial Stratification Requires 3 components: ethnocentrism, competition/conflict, power differential E+C = Stalemate (MAD) E+PD = Civil inattention (early trading relations) C+PD = Empty set domination (class inequality) E+C+PD = Ethnoracial Stratification
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Categorical Inequality (Douglas Massey’s Contribution) Categorical inequality Exploitation/expropriation Opportunity hoarding Process of exclusion Psychological Dimensions of Evaluation Warmth/approachability Competence/efficacy
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Racial Domination (Desmond and Emirbayer) Institutional Racism – Symbolic power (control classification) – Political power (control rights, privileges) – Social power – Economic power Interpersonal Racism: as manifest in everyday interactions and practices
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Competing American Master Narratives
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Racism vs. Triumph of Liberal Democracy and
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course SOC 183 taught by Professor Sethhannah during the Fall '11 term at Harvard.

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soc183week3_Patterns of US Ethno Racial Division -...

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