soc183week4_Residential Segregation

soc183week4_Residential Segregation - SOCIOLOGY 183 Race...

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SOCIOLOGY 183 Race and Ethnic Relations Session 4: Residential Segregation: A Key to Black-White Inequality Dr. Seth D. Hannah
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AGENDA The Increasing Importance of Class The Persisting Importance of Racial Segregation Inequality and Wealth Matters Today Dynamics of Segregation Today
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William Julius Wilson’s The Declining Significance of Race The Ambition: To deal more squarely with the intersection of class and race issues
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How to Think About Class A class involves “any group of people who have more or less similar goods, services, or skills to offer for income in a given economic order and who therefore receive similar financial remuneration in the market place As such, class heavily determines life chances and experiences
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The Current Condition Class differentiation in the black community is growing, immediately implying that race is no longer as central in defining life chances 1. Lower average black attainment reflects historic discrimination 2. Younger, better-educated blacks benefit most from changes
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The Declining Significance of Race Thesis “Race relations in America have undergone fundamental changes in recent years, so much so that now the life chances of individual blacks have more to do with their economic class position then with their day-to-day encounters with whites” (p. 1). “racial exploitation, discrimination and segregation, schemes that were reinforced by elaborate ideologies of racism “do not provide a meaningful explanation of the life chances of black Americans today” (p. 1)
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DSR continued Traditional racial barriers have crumbled New obstacles, nonracial in origin, have arisen and restrict opportunities for the black “underclass.” Discrimination still exists, but “in the economic sphere, class has become more important than race in determining black access to privilege and power”.
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DSR continued Configurations of the economy and polity (new vocabulary—racial orders) different systems of production and/or different arrangements of the polity have imposed different constraints on the way in which racial groups have interacted in the U.S. Three Core Stages, 2 of Which Involve a Central Role for Race One of which involves a growing role for class and declining role for race
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DSR continued Three Major Stages 1. Pre-industrial (or Plantation Economy and Racial Caste Oppression), 1640- 1829/30 2. Industrial (or Industrial Expansion, Class Conflict, and Racial Oppression), 1830- 1944 3. Modern Industrial (or Progressive Transition from Racial Inequalities to Class Inequalities), 1945-present
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DSR continued Alternative Economic Class Theories Core Assumption : racial conflict and antagonism is just a special case of class conflict—ethnic stratification ultimately based in class or economic relations. Orthodox Marxist
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This note was uploaded on 03/27/2012 for the course SOC 183 taught by Professor Sethhannah during the Fall '11 term at Harvard.

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soc183week4_Residential Segregation - SOCIOLOGY 183 Race...

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