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soc183week9_Race in Latin America

soc183week9_Race in Latin America - SOC 183 Race and Ethnic...

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SOC 183 Race and Ethnic Relations Session 9: A Comparative Perspective: Race in Latin America Dr. Seth D. Hannah
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Agenda Key Questions Where is the Racial Divide In the U.S. today? Telles’s “Race in Another America”
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Alternative Ways of Constructing Racial Difference Have Others Developed more Fully Democratic Multi-racial systems? Can we Learn from Brazil or other Latin American Countries? Do they have a better model for the U.S.?
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Is the U.S. Becoming More Like Latin America? Mixed and Multi-Racial Identity Intermarriage Ethnic and Class Heterogeneity among African Americans
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MIXED/MULTI-RACIAL IDENTITY
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A Little History Anti-miscegenation begins as a defense of slaves as property : “The defense of slaves as property is what inspired not only hypodescent but also miscegenation law itself as first developed in the Chesapeake colonies during the seventeenth century. The governments of the slave-intensive colonies and their successor states did not try very hard to prevent the birth of children with black mothers and white fathers, but they did act to make it difficult for the children of such unions to achieve any right to inheritance…. .. fear of property loss w as a driving force behind the prohibition on black-w hite marriage ” (Hollinger, “Amalgamation and Hypodescent,” 1995, p. 1379).
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A Little History (cn’td) Anti-miscegenation and Hypodescent weld race-class together : “The combination of hypodescent with the denial to blacks residing in many states with large black populations of any opportunity for legal marriage to whites ensured that the color line would long remain to a very large extent a property line. Hence the dynamics of race formation and the dynamics of class formation were, in this most crucial of all American cases, largely the same. This is one of the most important truths about the history of the United States brought into sharper focus when that history is viewed through the lens of the question of ethnoracial mixture” (Hollinger, “Amalgamation and Hypodescent,” 1995, p. 1379).
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A Little History (cn’td) The Uniqueness of the Black Circumstance : “That insight was that the descent community of African Americans was historically unique. Only blacks inherit a multi-century legacy of group- specific enslavement and hypodescent racialization long carried out under constitutional authority in the United States” (Hollinger, “Amalgamation and Hypodescent, 1995, p. 1384).
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Is multiracialism the antidote? Gary Nash’s contribution: America could have been the “Mestizo Nation” but chose otherwise. Mestizo: “I use the term mestizo in the original sense—referring to racial intermixture of all kinds” (“The Hidden History of Mestizo America”, 1995, p. 941).
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