POLI 2051 AMERICAN GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 2 NOTES AND QUIZ QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR ROBERT HOGAN.docx

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POLI 2051 AMERICAN GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 2 NOTES AND QUIZ QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR ROBERT HOGAN: Important Concepts: oWhat conditions led to the adoption of the Constitution that we have today?oWhat were the major issues debated at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787? How were these issues resolved through compromises?oHow did the Founders envision the government would operate under the Constitution? Describe the Madisonian system.oWhat were the major debates between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists leading up to the ratification of the Constitution? oWhat are the formal and informal ways that the Constitution can change?oWhat conditions led to the adoption of the Constitution that we have today? Constitution o A reaction to events and conditions as well as a reflection of the current thinking of the day o Granted Congress the power to create the conditions within which markets flourish Ex: chief economic policymaker, obtain revenue from taxing and borrowing o Ignored the previous requirement of unanimous consent o Federalist Papers 85 essays, written by Framers under the name of Publius o Republic A system based on the consent of the governed in which representatives of the public exercise o Federalists supported the Constitution while the Anti-Federalists opposed it because they believed the new government was an enemy to freedom The Enlightenment or “The Age of Reason” o John Locke Believed people should be governed by laws of nature as opposed to formal laws Natural Rights: “rights inherent in human being, not dependent on government” Life, liberty, property Consent of the governed: “people must agree on who their rulers will be” Limited government: “there must be clear restrictions on what rulers can
do” Articles of Confederation (1781-1787) o Established a government dominated by the states o “a league of friendship and perpetual union” o weak national government o required unanimous consent of the 13 states o congress could not regulate commerce o

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