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POLI 2051 AMERICAN GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 2 NOTES AND QUIZQUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FOR ROBERT HOGAN:
Important Concepts: oWhat conditions led to the adoption of the Constitution that we have today?oWhat were the major issues debated at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787? How were these issues resolved through compromises?oHow did the Founders envision the government would operate under the Constitution? Describe the Madisonian system.oWhat were the major debates between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists leading up to the ratification of the Constitution? oWhat are the formal and informal ways that the Constitution can change?oWhat conditions led to the adoption of the Constitution that we have today?ConstitutionoA reaction to events and conditions as well as a reflection of the current thinking of the day oGranted Congress the power to create the conditions within which markets flourish Ex: chief economic policymaker, obtain revenue from taxing and borrowingoIgnored the previous requirement of unanimous consent oFederalist Papers85 essays, written by Framers under the name of PubliusoRepublicA system based on the consent of the governed in which representatives of the public exercise oFederalists supported the Constitution while the Anti-Federalists opposed it because they believed the new government was an enemy to freedomThe Enlightenment or “The Age of Reason”oJohn Locke Believed people should be governed by laws of nature as opposed to formal lawsNatural Rights: “rights inherent in human being, not dependent on government” Life, liberty, property Consent of the governed: “people must agree on who their rulers will be”Limited government: “there must be clear restrictions on what rulers can
do” Articles of Confederation (1781-1787)oEstablished a government dominated by the states o“a league of friendship and perpetual union”oweak national government orequired unanimous consent of the 13 states ocongress could not regulate commerceo