w8 Common confused words - handout

w8 Common confused words - handout - Common confused words...

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Common confused words By Peiling Hsia
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All about $$$ bonus wage income salary revenue commission allowance payment subsidy pension earning benefit profit
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Examples Confused words Meaning / Example 1. Respectively (adv) = in the order given. The board of directors appointed Hank, Bonner, and Ken, respectively, as manager, comptroller, and secretary of the firm. Respectfully (adv) = showing respect The salesman nodded respectfully to the manager. 2. Precede (v) = To be or go before something or someone in time or space. The secretary preceded the supervisor out the door. Proceed (v) = To advance or move forward, to continue as planned. They proceeded through the front door of the courthouse. Preparations for the festival are now proceeding smoothly.
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3. altogether (adv) = wholly, thoroughly, in total, completely He's bad-tempered, selfish and altogether (= including everything) an unpleasant man. all together = in a group, collectively. They went all together to the graduation. (The packages were tied together so that they would be easier to carry.) 4. amount (n) = quantity, is used with reference to things that cannot be counted. We have a tremendous amount of work to do. number (n) = refers to items that can be counted. A large number of motorists were held up by the parade. 5. affect (v) = to influence. His action won’t affect my decision. effect (n) = result. The report had a bad effect on the moral of the office.
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6. imply (v) = to suggest or hint to someone. (the person speaking implies.) Ben implied to me that he wanted a ride home. infer (v) = to perceive what is being suggested. (the person listening infers.) I inferred from what Ben said that he wanted a ride home. 7. fewer (adj) = used with plural nouns, refers to the number of items. The plant produced fewer cars in August than in July. less (adj) = refers to the amount (cannot be counted) There was less concrete in the mixer than he had estimated. 8. got (v) = obtained or acquired. The technician got a raise. have (n) = to possess The technician will have a raise by next week.
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Use (v) = to employ something for a purpose/ to bring something into purpose Researchers often use questionnaires in their work. utilize (v) (formal) = make practical use of / to use something that is available to you / to use something for a particular purpose (But don’t use “utilize” unless you’ve tried “use” first and there’s something wrong with it in context. In 99 cases out of 100, “use” works fine, and it always sounds more down to earth.) As you suggest, you might utilize a heavy book as a doorstop. We must consider how best to utilize what resources we have. Employers must utilize their workers more effectively if the
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2012 for the course EECS 101 taught by Professor Hero during the Spring '11 term at National Taipei University.

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w8 Common confused words - handout - Common confused words...

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