W12 - proofreading (brief) - handout

W12 - proofreading (brief) - handout - Proofreading Week 12...

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Proofreading Week 12 (12/24/2009) Peiling Hsia
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Contents: Proofreading guideline Common errors of writing a paper Review of manuscript
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A good research paper has - a clear statement of the problem the paper is addressing, - the proposed solution(s ), - and results achieved. It describes clearly what has been done before on the problem, and what is new. A paper should focus on - describing the results in sufficient details to establish their validity - identifying the novel aspects of the results (what new knowledge is reported) - identifying the significance of the results (what improvements and impact do they suggest) The goal of a paper is to describe novel technical results .
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General Strategies Take a break! Allow yourself some time between writing and proofing . Leave yourself enough time. Always read through your writing slowly . Get others involved. Let you get another perspective on your writing and a fresh reader will be able to help you catch mistakes that you might have overlooked. Place a ruler under each line as you read it. This will give your eyes a manageable amount of text to read.
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Correctness . Write correct English. Role-play. While reading, put yourself in your audience's shoes . Information flow . In each sentence, move your reader from familiar information to new information. Emphasis . For material you want to carry weight or be remembered, use the end of a sentence. Coherence . In a coherent passage, choose subjects that refer to a consistent set of related concepts.
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1. Finding Common Errors Proofreading can be much easier when you know what you are looking for. Although everyone will have different error patterns, the following are issues that come up for many writers. Always remember to make note of what errors you make frequently—this will help you proofread more efficiently in the future! Proofread for one type of error at a time. If commas are your most frequent problem, go through the paper checking just that one problem.
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2. Spelling Do NOT rely on your computer's spellcheck — it will not get everything! Examine each word in the paper individually by reading carefully. 3. Left-out and doubled words Left-out and doubled words Reading the paper aloud (and slowly) can help you make sure you haven't missed or repeated any words.
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4. Fragment Sentences Make sure each sentence has a subject. Make sure each sentence has a complete verb. See that each sentence has an independent clause.
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5. Run-on Sentences Review each sentence to see whether it contains more than one independent clause. If there is more than one independent clause, check to make sure
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W12 - proofreading (brief) - handout - Proofreading Week 12...

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