JB-2050_Ch_8

JB-2050_Ch_8 - Chapter 8 Syntax Syntax It’s the branch of...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 8 Syntax Syntax It’s the branch of linguistics that describes and explains the arrangement of ordering words within phrases and sentences . Syntax: structure and ordering of components within a sentence. Rememberà Word Order is important for English Generative grammar A formal set of grammatical rules that model the subconscious procedures that allow native speakers of any language to generate grammatical sentences. we have a finite set of rules that can be used to create a large number of structures (sentences)= Generative Grammar Goal of syntactic analysisà have a small number of finite rules used to create grammatically correct sentences that we use repeatedly Nim Chimsky Noam Chomsky The man who started it all…Generative Grammar Structures of Grammar 2 sentences that look different can have the same meaning- The teacher broke the projector. The projector was broken by the teacher. First sentence is _______ voice and second sentence is _______ voice, but the sentences convey the same meaning. Structure of Grammar Sometimes 2 sentences can be identical but have different meanings Annie bumped into a man with an umbrella. meaning à Annie bumped into a man with an umbrella. meaning à Why you ask???? because of surface & deep structures Surface and deep structure Surface structure (SS): the actual syntactic form of the sentence – the string of words in the sentence. Deep structure (DS): most basic and abstract level of structural organization or representation of a sentence or idea. It is the level at which underlying meaning is represented structurally. It’s the meaning of the sentence. Surface and deep structure The teacher broke the projector. The projector was broken by the teacher. Do these two sentences have different surface structures but same deep structure??????? Can a sentence have two deep structures???? Structural Ambiguity “I once shot an elephant in my pajamas.” How he got into my pajamas I’ll never know. Structural ambiguity Simple phrases can also be structurally ambiguous- “American history teacher” The context usually tells you how to interpret a structurally ambiguous phrase or sentence....
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course BLAW 1000 taught by Professor Stuff during the Spring '12 term at LSU.

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JB-2050_Ch_8 - Chapter 8 Syntax Syntax It’s the branch of...

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