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JB-2050_Ch2 - Chapter 2 Animals and human language Do...

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Chapter 2 Animals and human language
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Do animals really “understand” human words? –or– Do animals produce a particular behavior in response to a stimulus? Are vocalizations the same as speech? Is Communication and Language the same thing? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jc-mtUs-eis&feature=fvwrel (stop @ 2:50)
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Communicative & informative signals Communicative signals: Intentionally used to provide information Informative signals: Behaviors that provide information unintentionally. So when we talk about human vs. animal language, we must look at both in terms of their potential as a means of intentional communication.
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Properties of human language Reflexivity : -humans can use language to think & talk about language itself. ex: COMD 2050 is the perfect example Displacement: We can refer to past and future events. ex: When I was five, I wanted a pony for my birthday. We can refer to things not in our immediate environment. ex: Do you remember where we parked? When do dogs respond to event?????
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Properties of human language Arbitrariness there is no ‘natural’ connection between a linguistic form and its meaning Dog vs How does arbitrariness relate to animal language? Seems to be a clear connection between animal signals and the message conveyed
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Properties of human language www.cambridge.org/yule
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Properties of human language Productivity: The capacity to constantly create novel utterances Infinite number of possibilities Ex from Hollywood: “Bradgelina” has cultural meaning That’s dope! means You’re Phat! means Fixed reference:
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