JB-2050_Ch2

JB-2050_Ch2 - Chapter 2 Animals and human language • Do...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2 Animals and human language • Do animals really “understand” human words? –or– Do animals produce a particular behavior in response to a stimulus? • Are vocalizations the same as speech? • Is Communication and Language the same thing? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jc-mtUs-eis&feature=fvwrel (stop @ 2:50) Communicative & informative signals • Communicative signals: • Intentionally used to provide information • Informative signals: • Behaviors that provide information unintentionally. • So when we talk about human vs. animal language, we must look at both in terms of their potential as a means of intentional communication. Properties of human language • Reflexivity :-humans can use language to think & talk about language itself. ex: COMD 2050 is the perfect example • Displacement: • We can refer to past and future events. ex: When I was five, I wanted a pony for my birthday. • We can refer to things not in our immediate environment. ex: Do you remember where we parked? When do dogs respond to event????? Properties of human language • Arbitrariness • there is no ‘natural’ connection between a linguistic form and its meaning • Dog vs • How does arbitrariness relate to animal language? • Seems to be a clear connection between animal signals and the message conveyed Properties of human language www.cambridge.org/yule Properties of human language • Productivity: • The capacity to constantly create novel utterances • Infinite number of possibilities Ex from Hollywood: “Bradgelina” has cultural meaning That’s dope! means You’re Phat! means • Fixed reference: • In the animal word, signals in their systems are fixed as...
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course BLAW 1000 taught by Professor Stuff during the Spring '12 term at LSU.

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JB-2050_Ch2 - Chapter 2 Animals and human language • Do...

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