JB-2050_Ch6

JB-2050_Ch6 - Chapter 6: Morphology Morphology is the study...

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Chapter 6: Morphology
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Morphology is the study of the forms or structure of words and their parts. Understanding the basic forms in a language, not just understanding words
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“I have two truck” “I have two truck s “I swimmed home” “I swam home” Jump Jump s Jump er Jump ing
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Morphology - understanding the basic forms in language - -conversations, sentences, words are made up of many linguistic elements.
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A morpheme is… the smallest unit of meaning a minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function a minimal unit that has constant meaning (most of the time) and definite structure (most of the time). every word has at least one morpheme
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Tourists 3 morphemes Tour: 1 morpheme -ist: 1 morpheme (marking “person who does something) -s: 1 morpheme (plural s marker) With the word “Tourist”, we have: 1 word & 3 morphemes
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Morpheme does not equal syllable. Car Platypus Laptop
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Dogs = Dog + s 2 morphemes, 1 syllable Kissed = Kiss + ed 2 morphemes, 1 syllable Men’s = man + plural + possessive 3 morphemes, 1 syllable.
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Tread Heard Fled Going Went Flies Flew Fly
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Tread- 1 Heard- 2, hear + past tense “ed” Fled- 2, flee + past tense “ed” Going- 2, go + present progressive “ing” Went- 2, go + irregular past tense marker Flies- 2, fly + 3 rd person singular present tense marker Flew- 2, fly + irregular past tense marker Fly- 1
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Man Men Men’s Goose Geese Duck Duckling Ducklings
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Words: # of Morphemes: Man 1 Men 2 Men’s 3 Goose 1 Geese 2 Duck 1 Duckling 1 Ducklings 2
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Un = a morpheme This morpheme has a definite structure – not in random order. Unhappy happyun Unluckyluckyun Unsatisfied satisfiedun
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“un” can only attach to certain types of morphemes Undog Undoor Unrug Unhappy Unlucky What pattern do you see? - “Un” can only attach to adjectives, not nouns
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Talk Talks: -s Talker: -er Talked: -ed Talking: -ing
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Tourists contains 3 morphemes: Tour ist s
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There is another difference between the morphemes “tour” 
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course BLAW 1000 taught by Professor Stuff during the Spring '12 term at LSU.

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JB-2050_Ch6 - Chapter 6: Morphology Morphology is the study...

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