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JB-2050_Ch7 - Chapter 7 http/www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODG...

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Chapter 7 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODG Grammar
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Grammar A way of describing the structure of phrases and sentences Words can only be combined in a limited number patterns. Ex: book, the, in  ________ Boys, the lucky  ________
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Grammar: Grammatical or Not????? Chapter perplexed the reread students the. grammatical or not The reread students chapter perplexed the. grammatical or not The perplexed students reread the chapter.
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Traditional Grammar The names for the parts of speech Developed to describe Latin and Ancient Greek and imposed upon modern languages
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Parts of Speech Nouns : words used to refer to people, places, objects, creatures, qualities, phenomena, and abstract ideas as if they were all ‘things’ ( ex: table, science, emotion, Louisiana). Adjectives : words that are usually used with nouns to provide more information about the ‘things’ referred to by the nouns ( ex: tall, funny). N, v, adj, and adv are ______ morphemes –
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Parts of Speech Verbs : words used to refer to various kinds of actions and states involving the ‘things’ in events (ex: run, throw, think). Adverbs : words used to provide info about actions and events (“walk quickly” v. “walk”) or to modify adjectives (“very short” v. “short”). http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDwXHTcodNg&feature=related Prepositions : words used with nouns in
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Parts of Speech Pronouns : words used in place of noun phrases, typically referring to people and things already known. (She talks to herself, They said it belonged to you ) (ex: she, he, it, they, you, herself, himself) Conjunctions : words used to make connections and indicate relationships between events ( Mary’s husband was so sweet and he helped her a lot because
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Traditional Grammar Agreement is seen -number -person -tense -voice -gender - describe the forms of words and sentences.
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Traditional Grammar Number Singular Plural Person First person (involving the speaker) Second person (involving the hearer) Third person (involving someone else) Tense
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