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Unformatted text preview: September 21, 2010 | ETH-REAS 22 Section Notes Bentham Utilitarianism:- Greatest Happiness Principle (GHP) : utility calculus determines greatest net happiness per act- Poetry is just as good as “pushpins” : no distinction between pleasures; only duration and intensity matter.- Consequentialist: The morality of an action is determined solely by its outcome. Mill Utilitarianism: - Better Aristotle than a fool : Provides finer line between different levels of pleasure; a human sense of dignity drives us to appeal to higher, “human” faculties. Problem with utilitarianism:- Individual rights? Some may say that it does not protect a person’s autonomy and propose that human beings have certain, unalienable rights—that it is wrong for me to decide for you what you should do.- Utility is hard to quantify. Mill tried to add qualitative aspects to Bentham’s quantitative utility. - Narcissism. - Current time slice. Strict utilitarianism only looks at who ends up with what, not how the inequality arose in the first place. Libertarianism offers us justification for protecting individual rights:- Right to liberty: To do what we want with what we have, provided we do not violate other people’s rights to do the same....
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2012 for the course ER 022 taught by Professor Michaelsandel during the Fall '10 term at Harvard.
- Fall '10