Justice section notes Aristotle

Justice section notes Aristotle - Section 16:52:00...

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Section 11/16/10 06/12/2010 16:52:00 On Aristotle  Deontological Theories – an “ought” that we follow as rational beings (Kant) The right is prior to the good The procedural republic (where our laws protect equal, basic rights) is  different from the polis (where honors and offices are distributed based upon  one’s excellence as a citizen). Utilitarian Theories – maximizing pleasure (Bentham and kind of Mill) Libertarian Theories – choice/consent (Hayek and Nozick) Aristotle (different than all of the above)– good of whole ( a greater good than we  can achieve individually)- it is our nature to contribute to the good of the whole through  the polis – Telos (keep this in mind) Basic needs satisfied through participation in the household Virtue is achieved outside the household This is not utilitarianism  this is a notion of human fulfillment – he says that  there are bad ways of gaining pleasure, whereas Bentham really does not. o Steal from your friends then you are violating the meaning of friendship  and going against something that is in line with our nature  o He is a proto communitarian in some sense, but unlike those 
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2012 for the course ER 022 taught by Professor Michaelsandel during the Fall '10 term at Harvard.

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Justice section notes Aristotle - Section 16:52:00...

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