Justice section notes Rawls

Justice section notes Rawls - some regulations III. Natural...

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Basic approaches to moral reasoning: Utilitarianism (The Greatest Happiness Principle) – happiness as good Liberalism (what is right, individual rights) Rawls rejects utilitarianism: Original position: in original position, Rawls thinks that we will pick the just regime from among the different types of liberal government. Utilitarianism is out for the following reasons: Rawls suggests that Utilitarianism is not ever a move towards true morality – it does not take seriously the differences between individuals Rawls says that liberalism is the best option and creating the best regime within liberalism . Rawls’s interpretations of (the possible forms of liberal government) I. Libertarianism – free market + open to talents II. Lib dem (liberal democracy) – market; fair equality of opportunity; education (public schools)
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Unformatted text preview: some regulations III. Natural Aristocracy noblesse oblige IV. Egalitarianism fair equality of opportunity; difference principle (Rawlss own view ) Non Arbitrariness (look at where he speaks on this idea in the text) Page 217 second column he thinks that everyone should choose this in the original state (minimize natural differences) Question: Is he correct to say that we dont really own ourselves and our character, and that our natural talents should be considered a common asset? Doesnt this undermine the efforts of the proud, hardworking but disadvantaged member of our community, insofar as Rawls denies that the successes of the privileged are attributable to their own efforts?)...
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