Kant handout

Kant handout - KANT TheBigQuestions

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K ANT   The Big Questions  1. What is unique about human beings that might make us worthy of respect and dignity? 2. What is freedom? 3. What gives an action moral worth? 4. What is unconditionally  valuable 5. What is unconditionally  good   6. Can we formulate a universal moral standard—one that will give us guidance under all  circumstances?  Terminology Inductive vs. Deductive Reasoning [Kant doesn’t discuss this, but it is helpful for understanding why he places so much  emphasis on  a priori  reasoning over empirical evidence.] Deductive Reasoning: Starting with a premise and moving to its logical conclusions. -Example: “People have the capacity for rational action” leads us to the  conclusion that anyone we identify as a person must have the capacity for rational action. -Another way of thinking about this: Starting with a rule and moving to specific  examples. The proposition “people have the capacity for rational action” allows us to  conclude that specific people must have the capacity for rational action. Inductive Reasoning: Starting with individual cases and moving to general rules. -Example: “All students I have met seem to enjoy parties” might lead us to make  the general proposition “all students enjoy parties.”
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-But what if I identify some students who don’t enjoy parties? I would 
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2012 for the course ER 022 taught by Professor Michaelsandel during the Fall '10 term at Harvard.

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Kant handout - KANT TheBigQuestions

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