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Reading Questions - Aristotle

Reading Questions - Aristotle - views about inequality and...

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Aristotle – Reading Questions 1. How does Aristotle’s account of ethics differ from Kant’s? Consider Nicomachean Ethics , Bk. II, Ch. 2 (p. 296 in the reader). 2. How does Aristotle’s account of happiness differ from that of a hedonist or a Benthamite utilitarian? Consider Nicomachean Ethics , Bk. X, Ch. 3 (pp. 297-299 in the reader). 3. What does Aristotle mean when he says that “the city exists by nature and … is prior to the individual” (1253a25). What is the role of the city in shaping the individual? How does Aristotle’s understanding of politics and its proper relation to the individual differ from Locke’s and Rawls’ “contractarian” understanding? 4. What is the role of nature in Aristotle’s political thought? How does it lead him to his
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Unformatted text preview: views about inequality and slavery? 5. What does Aristotle mean by saying that “man is by nature a political animal” (1253a2). Why does Aristotle think a good life can’t be lived in isolation from others? 6. What is the end of politics, for Aristotle? 7. Nozick argued that there is no such thing as a “social entity… There are only individual people, with their own individual lives.” ( Anarchy, State, and Utopia, pp. 32-33). Why would Aristotle disagree? 8. What is the relationship between justice and equality in Aristotle’s thought? Consider, in particular, 1280a7 and 1282b14....
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