Anatomical Directions

Anatomical Directions - Appendix: Anatomical Terms...

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Appendix: Anatomical Terms Directions Cranial/Anterior/Rostral: Literally, towards the head, towards the front (“ante-” as in before, as in “antebellum”, or “antediluvian”), and towards the beak (“rostrum”). Caudal/Posterior: Literally, towards the tail, towards the back (“post” as in “postmortem”). Dorsal: Towards the top of the animal, above spine. Ventral: Towards the belly, below the spine. Medial : Towards the cranio-caudal axis, towards the midline (on the trunk). Lateral: Away from the midline (on the trunk). Proximal: Closer to the middle of the animal (usually on a limb). Distal : Farther from the middle of the animal (usually on a limb). Deep : Farther from the skin/surface. Superficial : Closer to the skin/surface Types of cuts or sections: Sagittal: Animal is cut along its long axis (Figure 1), near the center. This would produce two similar looking sections in a bi-laterally symmetrical animal. A parasaggittal section is a sagittal section that isn’t along the midline. Transverse:
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Anatomical Directions - Appendix: Anatomical Terms...

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