24-Oil - OIL! Next lecture: Chapter 25 History Hydrocarbons...

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History Hydrocarbons Petroleum Geology Source Maturation Migration Seals and Traps Reservoirs Timing Exploration OIL! Next lecture: Chapter 25
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Titusville, Pennsylvania, 1859 The first true oil well was drilled in Pennsylvania in 1859. The intended use of “rock oil” was to replace other kinds of oil, principally whale oil, that were expensive and growing scarce; whale oil was about $1500/barrel in today’s dollars. Pennsylvania was the “Saudi Arabia of the 19 th century”, producing half of the world’s oil as late as 1900. Petroleum saved the whales!
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Signal Hill, California Oil was also one of California’s main products for many years. About 20 miles south of Los Angeles, Signal Hill was one of the largest fields, producing over 900 million barrels of oil. When oil was struck in 1921 the land was being sold off in residential lots for house construction; the buyers quickly started building oil wells instead!
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First Street, Los Angeles, 1900 Seaver Center for Western History Research, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History . Los Angeles itself was the site of a good deal of oil production, with the first well being drilled where Dodger Stadium resides today. Due to oil, the population of Los Angeles doubled from 1890-1900, and doubled again from 1900-1910. A real oil boom town! By the 1920’s, California was producing ¼ of the world’s oil. The remote location of California in those days gave rise to a new technology: oil tankers.
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Ansel Adams, Oil wells, Los Angeles, 1945 Oil derricks graced the landscape of the City of Angels through much of the 20 th century.
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American Petroleum Institute Spindletop, Beaumont, TX Though there was minor oil drilling activity in Texas beforehand, the big breakthrough came in 1901 at Spindletop in Beaumont. One-armed, self-taught geologist Patillo Higgins was convinced that drilling at a salt dome would yield oil. Though ridiculed, he was vindicated by a gusher that initially flowed at 100,000 barrels of oil per day! This is the find that changed the way the world got its energy.
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This note was uploaded on 03/21/2012 for the course GEO geo taught by Professor Long during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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24-Oil - OIL! Next lecture: Chapter 25 History Hydrocarbons...

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