11 - JS211NotesLEC OverviewoftheCourse...

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JS211-Notes LEC 18:05 Overview of the Course Issues with defining “Judaism” Religion in the HB Creating Judaism Rabbinic texts Rabbinic concepts Mitzvot Mitzvot: “Commandments” How to live in accordance with God’s will? Halakah=”path” or “way” Time more important than place HB emphasizes place (i.e., Jerusalem) Rabbis emphasize time Local rabbi as arbiter of halakhah Mitzvot often serve to inscribe difference Between Jews and non-Jews Between rabbinic Jews and non-rabbinic Jews Not all Jews agree with rabbinic notions Evidence from some ancient synagogues
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According to the rabbis, Israel received the mitzvoth from God on Mount Sinai Mishnah Avot 1:1 Internally and externally signal obedience to God Mitzvot: Kosher Laws Kosher = ‘fit’ Not clean Kashrut=kosher laws and practices HB not very specific about dietary rules For ex: Genesis 9:4 prohibits eating meat with blood in it How does one adhere to this mitzvah? Deuteronomy 12:16 says to pour the blood on the ground like water “Kosher” animal slaughter for the Rabbis: “kosher” animal Disputes about glatt (smooth in yiddush) Slaughtered according to rabbinic procedure Must be performed by a rabbinic Jew By a rabbinically-trained butcher Who follows a particular procedure Hunting problematic Post-slaughter rules Remove blood via soaking and salting Proper handling and supervision throughout No filet mignon Postville controversy Meat and Milk Concept is either vague or absent from HB Look at Deuteronomy 14:21 How did Israelites/Jews before the rabbis interpret this law? See handout: Genesis 18:6-8
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JS211-Notes LEC 18:05 Mitzvot: Sacred Temple and Prayer
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JS211-Notes LEC 18:05 Sacred Time Sabbath Imitatio dei (God rested, so humans rest) HB unclear on how to keep/observe Sabbath 39 categories of work Derived from activities needed to construct the Tabernacle Let’s look at  Mishnah Shabbat  7:2 Since HB unclear on how to keep/observe the Sabbath, the 39 categories seek to offer  specifics However, how specific are the specifics? Rabbinic definition does not take into account one’s attitude towards a particular  category Can a Jew who loves to bake do so on the Sabbath Carrying on the Sabbath? Eruv= a Sabbath boundary; a legal fiction Pause for a moment and consider: Rabbinic notion of Sabbath is so different than HB version, we must ask: Did ordinary  Jews observe the Sabbath “Rabbinically”? Shabbat is a weekly even, what about yearly ones?
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This note was uploaded on 03/28/2012 for the course JEWISH 211 taught by Professor Rosenblum during the Fall '12 term at Wisconsin.

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11 - JS211NotesLEC OverviewoftheCourse...

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