ARCH 423_Chapters 2 - Chapters 2 Jan. 29, 2008 ARCH 432...

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Chapters 2 Jan. 29, 2008 ARCH 432 Project 1 – decide on building, Heifer International, Eames house Building Information modeling – 3d – vector works, archicad, revit Lecture: 1. Frank Lloyd Wright – Taliesin West, Arizona 1937 2. ASTM – American Society for Testing Materials, standards for materials of construction 3. ANSI – American National Standards Institute 4. CSI – Construction Specification Institute – set up master format 16 divisions 5. Master Format Division – master specs is the main list / architecture deals with 1-8, interior designers 9-13, engineers 14-16 6. Andy Goldsworthy – photography 7. All buildings have a foundation – whether it is pilings and piers, concrete or treated wood 8. Every foundation requires some form of excavation – ex: clearing out 3-4 inches of topsoil, clearing site for slab, digging 9. Excavation – keep earth from sliding, keep water out, shallow vs. deep foundations 10. Superstructure – portion of a building that lies above the ground- every building has it – above grade super- structure--- sub - structure------ Foundation--- ------- 11. Foundation portion of a building that has the sole purpose of transmitting the structural loads form that building into the earth 12. Substructure – occupied, below the ground portion of the building – basement a. Louisiana – foundation comes up out of ground and then the superstructure begins 13. settlement is inevitable a. Negligible settlement b. Uniform settlement - WANT c. Differential settlement – DON’T WANT
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c.1. Uneven loading c.2. Non-uniform soli bearing capacity 14. Soils: a. Organized into strata – top layer is topsoil organic b. Critical characteristics: b.1. Load bearing capacity b.2. Stability b.3. Drainage c. Typologies: c.1. Bedrock c.2. Soil – cobbles and boulders c.3. Coarse-grained soil – gravel sand cohesionless, stable base and great drainage d. Soil treatment d.1. Drainage – strength vs. pressure d.1.1.a. every 10 ft. sloping at least an in. in contour around building d.2. Fill – compacted engineering fill d.2.1.a. Proctor test d.2.1.b. excavate poor soil and poor sand and gravel in its place d.3. Compaction (sheepsfoot roller) – compacting each layer to build
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ARCH 423_Chapters 2 - Chapters 2 Jan. 29, 2008 ARCH 432...

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