Analyze tourism infrastructure in the Northwest of Viet Nam
Northwest area plays an important role in the society, economy and security of Vietnam.
Therefore, the Ministry of Transport has invested in planning, building up and improving roads
system of the area. Lots of transport constructions have been upgraded such as highway 2, 6, 3,
70, 32, belt roads 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d,, 279, 37, which has been estimated at about 3700 – 4300
kilometers altogether. There are many high quality transport routes being used like Noi Bai – Lao
Cai, Hanoi – Thai Nguyen, Hoa Lac – Hoa Binh, Lang Son – Bac Ninh.
.. The Northwestern
average density of road is 0.59km/km
and 2.56km/1,000 people. It is quite lower than that of the
whole country 0.63km/km
and 4.95km/1,000 people. That can be explained by not only the
quality of infrastructure here but also its topography. Some roads are still in investment period
whereas others are being improved but not really systematically. That totally reduces the
efficiency of investment. Besides, it is its natural topography that becomes obstacles to develop
infrastructure here. Most of towns belong to the mountainous area and their road quality is low.
Some roads can be only used in the dry season. Especially, the characteristics of mountainous
area are tortuous, full of slopes and hard to see; so that might be dangerous for transportation and
have risks of traffic accidents.
With the total 700km in length, the Northwest railway includes 4 main routes: Hanoi-Dong Dang
(Lang Son) (163km); Hanoi- Lao Cai (296km); Hanoi-Thai Nguyen (79km); Luu Xa-Kep-Ha
Long (162km). However, the area railway capability is still limited and an extreme degradation
can be seen in most of the routes which is bad quality service, low level of safety and hygiene.
Hanoi-Lao Cai route is considered as the most effective route in this area with 4 high speed