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Unformatted text preview: The People Population In 2001 the population of Canada was 30,007,094an increase of 1,160,333 over the 1996 total. The rate of increase was 4 per cent, or an average of about 0.8 per cent a year. Roughly three-fourths of the people live in urban areas, nearly all of them near the southern border. The most heavily populated region extends along the north shores of Lakes Erie and Ontario into the St. Lawrence valley. Here, too, are the two dominant cities of Canada, Montreal and Toronto. Most of central and northern Canada is virtually uninhabited. The overall population density is only 8.58 persons per square mile (3.3 per km2) of land, one of the lowest for any nation. Language Both English and French are recognized as official and equal languages by the federal government. English is the native language of about 60 per cent of the population; French, of about 25 per cent. Among the remainder of the population, a majority are people for whom Chinese is a native language. About 13 per cent of the population speaks both English and French; fewer than 2 per cent speak neither. Bilingualism has long been a sensitive political issue, with French Canadians feeling that Canada has been dominated by the English-speaking. The federal government sought to improve the situation by promoting bilingualism in all the provinces. In 1974, however, the Quebec government made French the sole official language in that province. Inuktitut is the working language of Nunavut, but English and French are also used. Religion About 45 per cent of the people are Roman Catholics and 36 per cent Protestants. The largest Protestant denominations are the United Church of Canada (a union of Methodists, Congregationalists, and some Presbyterians), to which more than 10 per cent of the people belong, and the Anglican Church of Canada, with about 8 per cent of the population. There are also relatively large numbers of Presbyterians, Lutherans, Baptists, Greek Orthodox, and Jews. Two provincesQuebec and New Brunswick are predominantly Catholic; the remainder have Protestant majorities. Education Public education in Canada is the responsibility of the provincial governments, with each province having a department of education or its equivalent. Provinces delegate some responsibility to local school boards. There are also territorial departments of education. The federal government provides financial support for postsecondary education. It also directly administers special schools, such as those for Indian children on the reserves, Inuit in the territories, armed forces personnel and their families, and inmates of federal prisons. There are few private schools on the elementary and secondary levels....
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This note was uploaded on 03/22/2012 for the course BADM 318 taught by Professor Mitra during the Spring '12 term at British Columbia Institute of Technology.
- Spring '12
- Project Management