annotated bib. 1

annotated bib. 1 - Melissa Walters IS 491 McCullum,...

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Melissa Walters IS 491 McCullum, Christine, et al. "Application of Modern Biotechnology to Food and Agriculture: Food Systems Perspective." 35.6 (2003): 319-32. Web. The authors suggest the use of different perspectives to analyze the pro and cons of introducing genetically modified crops into market and agricultural systems. The article is written to address the application of biotechnology with crops that enter the food system from the perspective of persons involved in the food and fiber system based sector. The article reviews the basic components that affect the acceptance and use of genetically engineered crops. For the authors it was important that the issues of the “global debate on how to regulate genetically engineered foods and crops, the cultural differences in public perspectives of GE foods, and the evaluation of selected GE traits against the principles of social, economic, and ecological sustainability, including the potential of modern agricultural biotechnology to enhance global food securities” (p.1) are called to the attention of the reader as the important factors to consider when GE foods and crops are concerned. The authors outline the roles of governing institutions in the legal and political atmosphere surrounding GE foods and crops. It provides a comparison between institutions in the US such as the FDA and EPA, and those abroad such as the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, which seems to offer an explanation for the differences in prevalence of GE crops in certain areas of versus others. The authors expound the need for increased regulation and research into the effects of GE crops as well as ensuring that policy keeps in mind the best interest of social, economic, and ecological factors. The authors cite that without such reforms rather than lead to improved quality of life, bad policy and poor research may exacerbate some current social issues including world hunger and poverty. The precautionary principle should be the primary tool of policy makers when considering the possibility of having GE crops to develop and be brought to market. This principle allows for “a broader set of determinants to be considered in the risk decision- making process” (p. 11). They criticize the claims of those in favor of GE crops as overselling a technology that is largely based upon hypothetical benefits, where it is seen that the economic advantage goes to producers and multinational corporations in industrialized countries. I believe this be an important part in attaining public approval for the production of GE crops, as long as the public is provided with some information about GE crops that encompasses both sides of the debate. The lack of research on the subject hinders proper decision making about GE crops since it is unknown whether they will really emolliate the global food crisis or benefit corporations. Also, the unknown effects on ecological systems should be brought to the attention of governing bodies for further research.
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Morse, Stephen, and A. M. Mannion. "Can Genetically Modified Cotton Contribute to Sustainable
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annotated bib. 1 - Melissa Walters IS 491 McCullum,...

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