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Unformatted text preview: Melissa Walters IS 491 PECHLANER, GABRIELA. "The Sociology of Agriculture in Transition: The Political Economy of Agriculture After Biotechnology." Canadian Journal of Sociology 35.2 (2010): 243-69. Web. In 2007 a global food crisis was making media headlines and was resulting in widespread starvation, famine, and volatile civil unrest. While some of the causes of the food crisis were via natural conditions, such as drought, some were caused from societal factors, such as issues with distribution of food resources. Whatever the major cause of the food crisis was, it brought attention to societies about the role of agriculture and food in societies and structures. While the role of food and agriculture present important societal concerns, the introduction of agricultural biotechnologies present an additional concern for societal structure and economies. The authors cite that agricultural biotechnology represents an important step in the industrialization of agriculture, which is significant for the development of legal and regulatory framework that has experienced increased salience in the global political economy. Capital accumulation strategies are the new norm for agricultural biotechnologies, this means that production of agriculture has shifted away from farmers towards technology developers and corporations who expropriate control over formerly farmer controlled practices. This context of agriculture presents another important aspect for society and structures due to their need to choose the clout agricultural biotechnology will have in the making of legal and regulatory frameworks. Furthermore these changes in agriculture production present an issue concerning the shift in economic benefit from agricultural producers to biotechnology developers. Pechlaner outlines three potential ways capital will interact with agricultural production: they extend the potential for replacement of some production elements with industrial ones and the replacement of the end result of agriculture production with industrial products, biotechnology in agriculture will increase the input of suppliers and processors, and with the institution of new proprietary means the methods of capital accumulation will also change. Pechlaner presents valuable information from an aspect of economics not yet analyzed. This socioeconomic perspective is useful in accounting for the forces which are important in agricultural biotechnologys future development, especially in assessing whether social, political, and economic forces will benefit or reject such technologies. Grg, Christoph, and Ulrich Brand. "Contested Regimes in the International Political Economy: Global Regulation of Genetic Resources and the Internationalization of the State." Global Environmental Politics 6.4 (2006): 101-23. Web. 6....
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