Housing - Housing, Homelessness and Health Outline Outline...

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Housing, Homelessness and Health
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utline Outline eadings for today: Hwang and Dunn Readings for today: Hwang and Dunn (coursepack) Shaw (2004) (coursepack) ousing as a key environmental exposure Housing as a key environmental exposure site ousing as a key determinant of health Housing as a key determinant of health • Public health interventions historically took n housing on housing • Homelessness – extreme end of a ontinuum linking housing to health continuum linking housing to health 2
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Basic Requirements for a Healthy Environment Clean air (indoor and outdoor air pollution) Safe and sufficient water (many diseases transmitted through unsafe water) dequate and safe food oodborne diseases Adequate and safe food (foodborne diseases, deficiency diseases, obesogenic environments) Safety ( housing conditions , social disorder, crime, alienation) Stable global environment (long-range ansport of pollutants stratospheric ozone transport of pollutants, stratospheric ozone depletion, carbon emissions and climate change) 3
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ousing as a Commodity Housing as a Commodity is fixed in geographic space, it changes hands It is fixed in geographic space, it changes hands infrequently, it is a commodity which we cannot do without, and it is a form of stored wealth which is subject to speculative activities in the market. . . . In addition, the house has various forms of value to the user and above all it is the point from which the user relates to every other spect of the urban scene aspect of the urban scene. David Harvey, 1972, pg. 16 4
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ousing and Health Housing and Health ousing is a basic human right (enshrined Housing is a basic human right (enshrined by the United Nations not just to basic helter but to “adequate housing” shelter but to adequate housing • A traditional core area of public health search and intervention research and intervention 5
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hat is Acceptable Housing? What is Acceptable Housing? the Canadian context: In the Canadian context: Meets adequacy (acceptable repair i.e., not need of major repair according to the in need of major repair according to the residents) eets suitability ot excessively crowded, Meets suitability (not excessively crowded, number of bedrooms in terms of size of household) Meets affordability standards (housing that requires households to spend less than 30% of their gross household income on housing costs) 6
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ore Housing Need Core Housing Need ccording to Canadian Mortgage and According to Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corp – households living in nacceptable housing who would have to unacceptable housing who would have to spend more than 30% or more of their ross income to access acceptable gross income to access acceptable housing in their community (from Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (2009) The Geography of Core Housing Need, 2001-2006. Available at: www.cmhc- schl.gc.ca/odpub/pdf/66634.pdf?lang=eng) gp p p g g ) • Housing need is highest in the territories in anada, with BC, Ontario and NFLD as Canada, with BC, Ontario and NFLD as the provinces with the highest core need 7
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Shaw’s (2004) Conceptual Framework for Housing and Health 8
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Housing - Housing, Homelessness and Health Outline Outline...

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