Urbanization and Urban Health

Urbanization and Urban Health - Urbanization and Urban...

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Urbanization and Urban Health 1
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utline Outline eading for today: Basic Environmental Reading for today: Basic Environmental Health – Chapter 8 “Human Settlement nd Urbanization” (in coursepack) and Urbanization (in coursepack) • Health and the urban environment – cities ave a bad reputation from have a bad reputation from epidemiologists but do they deserve it? • Basic requirements of a healthy urban environment 2
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hat Are Cities? What Are Cities? community of substantial size and A community of substantial size and population density that shelters a variety of on- gricultural specialists including a non agricultural specialists, including a literate elite.” Gideon Sjoberg (1973) “It is in the cities, not the countryside, where the human creative flame has burnt the most brightly. For millenia they have been the centres and drivers of commercial, scientific, political and cultural life.” David Leon (2008) 3
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What Distinguishes Cities From Other Forms of Human Habitation? ettled community (i.e., non hunter- Settled community (i.e., non hunter gatherer) hreshold of size Threshold of size • Many not engaged in agriculture (implies a interland region, differentiated hinterland region, differentiated occupations) iterate elite eeded formal social Literate elite needed formal social control, depended on written records 4
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rbanization Urbanization ne of the most profound social trends of One of the most profound social trends of our times efers to the increasing proportion of • Refers to the increasing proportion of entire populations living in cities 5
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Why Do Cities Get Such a Bad Reputation? he inner city
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Urbanization and Urban Health - Urbanization and Urban...

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