Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - SOCI 309 Health and Illness From Villerm to the...

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SOCI 309 Health and Illness From Villermé to the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health
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XIXth century: The idea is budding
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A new concept? Not in France… Villermé (1840) Tableau de l'état physique et moral des ouvriers employés dans les manufactures de coton, de laine et de soie la loi sur le travail des enfants dans les manufactures (1841): Imposes a lower limit to the working age to 8 years old Source: Krieger and Davey Smith 2004
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… nor in the social sciences … Engels (1845) The conditions of the working class in England “All conceivable evils are heaped upon the poor … They are given damp dwellings , cellar dens that are not waterproof from below or garrets that leak from above… They are supplied bad, tattered, or rotten clothing, adulterated and indigestible food . They are exposed to the most exciting changes of mental condition , the most violent vibrations between hope and fear… They are deprived of everything except sexual indulgences and drunkenness and are worked everyday to the point of complete exhaustion of their mental and physical energies … (Engels 1845/1987, p. 129).” Source: Raphael 2004
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…nor in medicine Virchow (1848) Report on the Typhus epidemic prevailing in Upper Silesia The logical answer to the question as to how conditions similar to those that have unfolded before our eyes in Upper Silesia can be prevented in the future is, therefore, very easy and simple: education, with its daughters, liberty and prosperity . . . Medicine has imperceptibly led us into the social field Medicine is a social science, and politics is
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Lecture 2 - SOCI 309 Health and Illness From Villerm to the...

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