Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Plan ENVR 203 Animals The origin of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 ENVR 203 Animals The origin of environmental ethics: Animal liberation January 11, 2011 Plan • Short history of utilitarianism and the origin of environmental ethics • Peter Singer’s argument for animal liberation • Do you have guts to accept Singer’s ethical theory? • Theoretical problems in Singer’s argument • Four categories of environmental ethics Utilitarianism defined • Classical utilitarianism: an act is right if and only if it maximizes the total pleasure/ happiness in society. • Average utilitarianism: an act is right if and only if it maximizes the average pleasure/ happiness in society. Elements of classical utilitarianism • Hedonism: The only intrinsic value in the world is happiness/pleasure (positive value) and suffering/pain (negative value). • Comparability: Happiness/pleasure of one can be measured and compared with happiness/pleasure of another. • Total-sum consequentialism: The greatest happiness/pleasure of the greatest number. Intrinsic value defined The value (good) of X is intrinsic if and only if the value of X is 1. Non-contributory (i.e. X is not merely valuable as a part of a valuable whole) 2. Non-derivative (i.e. the value of X is not derived from the value of something else Direct moral standing: X possesses direct moral standing
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Lecture 2 - Plan ENVR 203 Animals The origin of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online