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Mus13af - THE MUSIC OF AFRICA AND THE DIASPORA Music 13AF...

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T HE M USIC OF A FRICA AND THE D IASPORA Music 13AF: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 11:00 to 12:20pm Instructor: Jeff Kaiser ([email protected]) Teaching Assistants: Nicholas Deyoe ([email protected]) Todd Moellenberg ([email protected])
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Listen/Identify List for Unit II Exam NOTE: Others songs we’ve studied and discussed, while not part of the Listen/Identify List, can be referenced in your essays answers as examples. For example, different Freedom Songs et cetera 1. Masanga (Mwenda Jean Bosco) 2. Mbube (Solomon Linda) 3. Watermelon Man (Hancock) 4. Daimonds on the Soles of Her Shoes (Paul Simon) 5. Badou (N’Dour) 6. Djama Kaissoumou (Sangare) 7. Daande Lenol (Maal) 8. Pata Pata http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=e- VrfadKbco (Makeba) 9. Grazing in the Grass (Masekela) 10. Eje nlo gba ara mi (King Sunny Ade) 11. Lady (Fela Kuti) 12. High Water Everywhere Part 1 (Patton) 13. Crossroads (Johnson) 14. J’ouvert Barrio (Roaring Lion) 15. Jump in the line (Spence) 16. Stir it up (Marley), http:// www.youtube.com/watch? v=nlk9Sj4Ns2k Stir it up (Marley).
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Into the Caribbean... An overview of music culture Necessarily brief due to length of the course Complex interaction of diverse: Cultures Histories Music Individuals
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Into the Caribbean... Global impact of Caribbean music From the 1600s... Sarabanda Chacona ...to modern times Rumba Reggae Small area, small population... Changed music in the world
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Into the Caribbean... “Old World” music... African and European ...meets indigenous “New world” music In a unique “crucible” White Political power Black Demographic power Isolation; combined with Maritime cross-fertilization
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Into the Caribbean... Around 500,000 people, most in what is known now as Hispaniola—the island that contains Haiti and the Dominican Republic Indigenous Caribbean music, pre-1500: Areito (as described by the Spanish) Socioreligious ceremony Large numbers danced and sang Rattles (maracas) Gourd scrapers (güiros) Slit drums (mayohuacán) (Lack of large animals, no large skin drums)
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Into the Caribbean... However, from 1496-97 Spanish killed over 1/3 of the population Enslaved most of the remainder to work in mines Many committed suicide More killed by disease, starvation By 1600 indigenous Carribbean “passed into history, taking their music with them.” Language exists only in a few villages now. Mythical Indian heritage sometimes asserted, according to our text, to deny African heritage and perpetuate a “negrophobic ideology” that is prevalent in some regions
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African and European Heritage Many ethnic groups in Caribbean BUT descendents of the 5 million enslaved Africans are the largest Almost entirety of Haiti, for example African Heritage (Africanisms) (Problematic, essentializes regions) Collective participation Emphasis on rhythm Polyrhythm Repetition/ostinato Call and response Cultural retentions, and Individual Agency Local traditions; and...
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African and European Heritage
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